ISO 639 Language Code List (Names of Languages)


ISO 639 is the International Standard for language codes. The purpose of ISO 639 is to establish internationally recognized codes (either 2, 3, or 4 letters long) for the representation of languages or language families. Using a code rather than the name of a language has many benefits as some languages are referred to by different groups in different ways, and two unrelated languages may share the same or similar name.

ISO 639 is composed of five different parts:

  • Part 1 (ISO 639-1:2002) provides a 2 letter code that has been designed to represent most of the major languages of the world.
  • Part 2 (ISO 639-2:1998) provides a 3 letter code, which gives more possible combinations, so ISO 639-2:1998 can cover more languages.
  • Part 3 (ISO 639-3:2007) provides a 3 letter code and aims to give as complete a listing of languages as possible, including living, extinct and ancient languages.
  • Part 4 (ISO 639-4:2010) gives the general principles of language coding and lays down guidelines for the use of ISO 639.
  • Part 5 (ISO 639-5:2008) provides a 3 letter code for language families and groups (living and extinct).
ISO 639-1 Code ISO 639-2 Code ISO 639-3 Code English name of Language French name of Language
1 aa aar Afar afar
2 ab abk Abkhazian abkhaze
3 ace Achinese aceh
4 ach Acoli acoli
5 ada Adangme adangme
6 ady Adyghe; Adygei adyghé
7 afa Afro-Asiatic languages afro-asiatiques, langues
8 afh Afrihili afrihili
9 af afr Afrikaans afrikaans
10 ain Ainu aïnou
11 ak aka Akan akan
12 akk Akkadian akkadien
13 sq alb sqi Albanian albanais
14 ale Aleut aléoute
15 alg Algonquian languages algonquines, langues
16 alt Southern Altai altai du Sud
17 am amh Amharic amharique
18 ang English, Old (ca.450-1100) anglo-saxon (ca.450-1100)
19 anp Angika angika
20 apa Apache languages apaches, langues
21 ar ara Arabic arabe
22 arc Official Aramaic (700-300 BCE); Imperial Aramaic (700-300 BCE) araméen d'empire (700-300 BCE)
23 an arg Aragonese aragonais
24 hy arm hye Armenian arménien
25 arn Mapudungun; Mapuche mapudungun; mapuche; mapuce
26 arp Arapaho arapaho
27 art Artificial languages artificielles, langues
28 arw Arawak arawak
29 as asm Assamese assamais
30 ast Asturian; Bable; Leonese; Asturleonese asturien; bable; léonais; asturoléonais
31 ath Athapascan languages athapascanes, langues
32 aus Australian languages australiennes, langues
33 av ava Avaric avar
34 ae ave Avestan avestique
35 awa Awadhi awadhi
36 ay aym Aymara aymara
37 az aze Azerbaijani azéri
38 bad Banda languages banda, langues
39 bai Bamileke languages bamiléké, langues
40 ba bak Bashkir bachkir
41 bal Baluchi baloutchi
42 bm bam Bambara bambara
43 ban Balinese balinais
44 eu baq eus Basque basque
45 bas Basa basa
46 bat Baltic languages baltes, langues
47 bej Beja; Bedawiyet bedja
48 be bel Belarusian biélorusse
49 bem Bemba bemba
50 bn ben Bengali bengali
51 ber Berber languages berbères, langues
52 bho Bhojpuri bhojpuri
53 bh bih Bihari languages langues biharis
54 bik Bikol bikol
55 bin Bini; Edo bini; edo
56 bi bis Bislama bichlamar
57 bla Siksika blackfoot
58 bnt Bantu (Other) bantoues, autres langues
59 bs bos Bosnian bosniaque
60 bra Braj braj
61 br bre Breton breton
62 btk Batak languages batak, langues
63 bua Buriat bouriate
64 bug Buginese bugi
65 bg bul Bulgarian bulgare
66 my bur mya Burmese birman
67 byn Blin; Bilin blin; bilen
68 cad Caddo caddo
69 cai Central American Indian languages amérindiennes de L'Amérique centrale, langues
70 car Galibi Carib karib; galibi; carib
71 ca cat Catalan; Valencian catalan; valencien
72 cau Caucasian languages caucasiennes, langues
73 ceb Cebuano cebuano
74 cel Celtic languages celtiques, langues; celtes, langues
75 ch cha Chamorro chamorro
76 chb Chibcha chibcha
77 ce che Chechen tchétchène
78 chg Chagatai djaghataï
79 zh chi zho Chinese chinois
80 chk Chuukese chuuk
81 chm Mari mari
82 chn Chinook jargon chinook, jargon
83 cho Choctaw choctaw
84 chp Chipewyan; Dene Suline chipewyan
85 chr Cherokee cherokee
86 cu chu Church Slavic; Old Slavonic; Church Slavonic; Old Bulgarian; Old Church Slavonic slavon d'église; vieux slave; slavon liturgique; vieux bulgare
87 cv chv Chuvash tchouvache
88 chy Cheyenne cheyenne
89 cmc Chamic languages chames, langues
90 cop Coptic copte
91 kw cor Cornish cornique
92 co cos Corsican corse
93 cpe Creoles and pidgins, English based créoles et pidgins basés sur l'anglais
94 cpf Creoles and pidgins, French-based créoles et pidgins basés sur le français
95 cpp Creoles and pidgins, Portuguese-based créoles et pidgins basés sur le portugais
96 cr cre Cree cree
97 crh Crimean Tatar; Crimean Turkish tatar de Crimé
98 crp Creoles and pidgins créoles et pidgins
99 csb Kashubian kachoube
100 cus Cushitic languages couchitiques, langues
101 cs cze ces Czech tchèque
102 dak Dakota dakota
103 da dan Danish danois
104 dar Dargwa dargwa
105 day Land Dayak languages dayak, langues
106 del Delaware delaware
107 den Slave (Athapascan) esclave (athapascan)
108 dgr Dogrib dogrib
109 din Dinka dinka
110 dv div Divehi; Dhivehi; Maldivian maldivien
111 doi Dogri dogri
112 dra Dravidian languages dravidiennes, langues
113 dsb Lower Sorbian bas-sorabe
114 dua Duala douala
115 dum Dutch, Middle (ca.1050-1350) néerlandais moyen (ca. 1050-1350)
116 nl dut nld Dutch; Flemish néerlandais; flamand
117 dyu Dyula dioula
118 dz dzo Dzongkha dzongkha
119 efi Efik efik
120 egy Egyptian (Ancient) égyptien
121 eka Ekajuk ekajuk
122 elx Elamite élamite
123 en eng English anglais
124 enm English, Middle (1100-1500) anglais moyen (1100-1500)
125 eo epo Esperanto espéranto
126 et est Estonian estonien
127 ee ewe Ewe éwé
128 ewo Ewondo éwondo
129 fan Fang fang
130 fo fao Faroese féroïen
131 fat Fanti fanti
132 fj fij Fijian fidjien
133 fil Filipino; Pilipino filipino; pilipino
134 fi fin Finnish finnois
135 fiu Finno-Ugrian languages finno-ougriennes, langues
136 fon Fon fon
137 fr fre fra French français
138 frm French, Middle (ca.1400-1600) français moyen (1400-1600)
139 fro French, Old (842-ca.1400) français ancien (842-ca.1400)
140 frr Northern Frisian frison septentrional
141 frs Eastern Frisian frison oriental
142 fy fry Western Frisian frison occidental
143 ff ful Fulah peul
144 fur Friulian frioulan
145 gaa Ga ga
146 gay Gayo gayo
147 gba Gbaya gbaya
148 gem Germanic languages germaniques, langues
149 ka geo kat Georgian géorgien
150 de ger deu German allemand
151 gez Geez guèze
152 gil Gilbertese kiribati
153 gd gla Gaelic; Scottish Gaelic gaélique; gaélique écossais
154 ga gle Irish irlandais
155 gl glg Galician galicien
156 gv glv Manx manx; mannois
157 gmh German, Middle High (ca.1050-1500) allemand, moyen haut (ca. 1050-1500)
158 goh German, Old High (ca.750-1050) allemand, vieux haut (ca. 750-1050)
159 gon Gondi gond
160 gor Gorontalo gorontalo
161 got Gothic gothique
162 grb Grebo grebo
163 grc Greek, Ancient (to 1453) grec ancien (jusqu'à 1453)
164 el gre ell Greek, Modern (1453-) grec moderne (après 1453)
165 gn grn Guarani guarani
166 gsw Swiss German; Alemannic; Alsatian suisse alémanique; alémanique; alsacien
167 gu guj Gujarati goudjrati
168 gwi Gwich'in gwich'in
169 hai Haida haida
170 ht hat Haitian; Haitian Creole haïtien; créole haïtien
171 ha hau Hausa haoussa
172 haw Hawaiian hawaïen
173 he heb Hebrew hébreu
174 hz her Herero herero
175 hil Hiligaynon hiligaynon
176 him Himachali languages; Western Pahari languages langues himachalis; langues paharis occidentales
177 hi hin Hindi hindi
178 hit Hittite hittite
179 hmn Hmong; Mong hmong
180 ho hmo Hiri Motu hiri motu
181 hr hrv Croatian croate
182 hsb Upper Sorbian haut-sorabe
183 hu hun Hungarian hongrois
184 hup Hupa hupa
185 iba Iban iban
186 ig ibo Igbo igbo
187 is ice isl Icelandic islandais
188 io ido Ido ido
189 ii iii Sichuan Yi; Nuosu yi de Sichuan
190 ijo Ijo languages ijo, langues
191 iu iku Inuktitut inuktitut
192 ie ile Interlingue; Occidental interlingue
193 ilo Iloko ilocano
194 ia ina Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association) interlingua (langue auxiliaire internationale)
195 inc Indic languages indo-aryennes, langues
196 id ind Indonesian indonésien
197 ine Indo-European languages indo-européennes, langues
198 inh Ingush ingouche
199 ik ipk Inupiaq inupiaq
200 ira Iranian languages iraniennes, langues
201 iro Iroquoian languages iroquoises, langues
202 it ita Italian italien
203 jv jav Javanese javanais
204 jbo Lojban lojban
205 ja jpn Japanese japonais
206 jpr Judeo-Persian judéo-persan
207 jrb Judeo-Arabic judéo-arabe
208 kaa Kara-Kalpak karakalpak
209 kab Kabyle kabyle
210 kac Kachin; Jingpho kachin; jingpho
211 kl kal Kalaallisut; Greenlandic groenlandais
212 kam Kamba kamba
213 kn kan Kannada kannada
214 kar Karen languages karen, langues
215 ks kas Kashmiri kashmiri
216 kr kau Kanuri kanouri
217 kaw Kawi kawi
218 kk kaz Kazakh kazakh
219 kbd Kabardian kabardien
220 kha Khasi khasi
221 khi Khoisan languages khoïsan, langues
222 km khm Central Khmer khmer central
223 kho Khotanese; Sakan khotanais; sakan
224 ki kik Kikuyu; Gikuyu kikuyu
225 rw kin Kinyarwanda rwanda
226 ky kir Kirghiz; Kyrgyz kirghiz
227 kmb Kimbundu kimbundu
228 kok Konkani konkani
229 kv kom Komi kom
230 kg kon Kongo kongo
231 ko kor Korean coréen
232 kos Kosraean kosrae
233 kpe Kpelle kpellé
234 krc Karachay-Balkar karatchai balkar
235 krl Karelian carélien
236 kro Kru languages krou, langues
237 kru Kurukh kurukh
238 kj kua Kuanyama; Kwanyama kuanyama; kwanyama
239 kum Kumyk koumyk
240 ku kur Kurdish kurde
241 kut Kutenai kutenai
242 lad Ladino judéo-espagnol
243 lah Lahnda lahnda
244 lam Lamba lamba
245 lo lao Lao lao
246 la lat Latin latin
247 lv lav Latvian letton
248 lez Lezghian lezghien
249 li lim Limburgan; Limburger; Limburgish limbourgeois
250 ln lin Lingala lingala
251 lt lit Lithuanian lituanien
252 lol Mongo mongo
253 loz Lozi lozi
254 lb ltz Luxembourgish; Letzeburgesch luxembourgeois
255 lua Luba-Lulua luba-lulua
256 lu lub Luba-Katanga luba-katanga
257 lg lug Ganda ganda
258 lui Luiseno luiseno
259 lun Lunda lunda
260 luo Luo (Kenya and Tanzania) luo (Kenya et Tanzanie)
261 lus Lushai lushai
262 mk mac mkd Macedonian macédonien
263 mad Madurese madourais
264 mag Magahi magahi
265 mh mah Marshallese marshall
266 mai Maithili maithili
267 mak Makasar makassar
268 ml mal Malayalam malayalam
269 man Mandingo mandingue
270 mi mao mri Maori maori
271 map Austronesian languages austronésiennes, langues
272 mr mar Marathi marathe
273 mas Masai massaï
274 ms may msa Malay malais
275 mdf Moksha moksa
276 mdr Mandar mandar
277 men Mende mendé
278 mga Irish, Middle (900-1200) irlandais moyen (900-1200)
279 mic Mi'kmaq; Micmac mi'kmaq; micmac
280 min Minangkabau minangkabau
281 mis Uncoded languages langues non codées
282 mkh Mon-Khmer languages môn-khmer, langues
283 mg mlg Malagasy malgache
284 mt mlt Maltese maltais
285 mnc Manchu mandchou
286 mni Manipuri manipuri
287 mno Manobo languages manobo, langues
288 moh Mohawk mohawk
289 mn mon Mongolian mongol
290 mos Mossi moré
291 mul Multiple languages multilingue
292 mun Munda languages mounda, langues
293 mus Creek muskogee
294 mwl Mirandese mirandais
295 mwr Marwari marvari
296 myn Mayan languages maya, langues
297 myv Erzya erza
298 nah Nahuatl languages nahuatl, langues
299 nai North American Indian languages nord-amérindiennes, langues
300 nap Neapolitan napolitain
301 na nau Nauru nauruan
302 nv nav Navajo; Navaho navaho
303 nr nbl Ndebele, South; South Ndebele ndébélé du Sud
304 nd nde Ndebele, North; North Ndebele ndébélé du Nord
305 ng ndo Ndonga ndonga
306 nds Low German; Low Saxon; German, Low; Saxon, Low bas allemand; bas saxon; allemand, bas; saxon, bas
307 ne nep Nepali népalais
308 new Nepal Bhasa; Newari nepal bhasa; newari
309 nia Nias nias
310 nic Niger-Kordofanian languages nigéro-kordofaniennes, langues
311 niu Niuean niué
312 nn nno Norwegian Nynorsk; Nynorsk, Norwegian norvégien nynorsk; nynorsk, norvégien
313 nb nob Bokmål, Norwegian; Norwegian Bokmål norvégien bokmål
314 nog Nogai nogaï; nogay
315 non Norse, Old norrois, vieux
316 no nor Norwegian norvégien
317 nqo N'Ko n'ko
318 nso Pedi; Sepedi; Northern Sotho pedi; sepedi; sotho du Nord
319 nub Nubian languages nubiennes, langues
320 nwc Classical Newari; Old Newari; Classical Nepal Bhasa newari classique
321 ny nya Chichewa; Chewa; Nyanja chichewa; chewa; nyanja
322 nym Nyamwezi nyamwezi
323 nyn Nyankole nyankolé
324 nyo Nyoro nyoro
325 nzi Nzima nzema
326 oc oci Occitan (post 1500); Provençal occitan (après 1500); provençal
327 oj oji Ojibwa ojibwa
328 or ori Oriya oriya
329 om orm Oromo galla
330 osa Osage osage
331 os oss Ossetian; Ossetic ossète
332 ota Turkish, Ottoman (1500-1928) turc ottoman (1500-1928)
333 oto Otomian languages otomi, langues
334 paa Papuan languages papoues, langues
335 pag Pangasinan pangasinan
336 pal Pahlavi pahlavi
337 pam Pampanga; Kapampangan pampangan
338 pa pan Panjabi; Punjabi pendjabi
339 pap Papiamento papiamento
340 pau Palauan palau
341 peo Persian, Old (ca.600-400 B.C.) perse, vieux (ca. 600-400 av. J.-C.)
342 fa per fas Persian persan
343 phi Philippine languages philippines, langues
344 phn Phoenician phénicien
345 pi pli Pali pali
346 pl pol Polish polonais
347 pon Pohnpeian pohnpei
348 pt por Portuguese portugais
349 pra Prakrit languages prâkrit, langues
350 pro Provençal, Old (to 1500) provençal ancien (jusqu'à 1500)
351 ps pus Pushto; Pashto pachto
352 qaa-qtz Reserved for local use réservée à l'usage local
353 qu que Quechua quechua
354 raj Rajasthani rajasthani
355 rap Rapanui rapanui
356 rar Rarotongan; Cook Islands Maori rarotonga; maori des îles Cook
357 roa Romance languages romanes, langues
358 rm roh Romansh romanche
359 rom Romany tsigane
360 ro rum ron Romanian; Moldavian; Moldovan roumain; moldave
361 rn run Rundi rundi
362 rup Aromanian; Arumanian; Macedo-Romanian aroumain; macédo-roumain
363 ru rus Russian russe
364 sad Sandawe sandawe
365 sg sag Sango sango
366 sah Yakut iakoute
367 sai South American Indian (Other) indiennes d'Amérique du Sud, autres langues
368 sal Salishan languages salishennes, langues
369 sam Samaritan Aramaic samaritain
370 sa san Sanskrit sanskrit
371 sas Sasak sasak
372 sat Santali santal
373 scn Sicilian sicilien
374 sco Scots écossais
375 sel Selkup selkoupe
376 sem Semitic languages sémitiques, langues
377 sga Irish, Old (to 900) irlandais ancien (jusqu'à 900)
378 sgn Sign Languages langues des signes
379 shn Shan chan
380 sid Sidamo sidamo
381 si sin Sinhala; Sinhalese singhalais
382 sio Siouan languages sioux, langues
383 sit Sino-Tibetan languages sino-tibétaines, langues
384 sla Slavic languages slaves, langues
385 sk slo slk Slovak slovaque
386 sl slv Slovenian slovène
387 sma Southern Sami sami du Sud
388 se sme Northern Sami sami du Nord
389 smi Sami languages sames, langues
390 smj Lule Sami sami de Lule
391 smn Inari Sami sami d'Inari
392 sm smo Samoan samoan
393 sms Skolt Sami sami skolt
394 sn sna Shona shona
395 sd snd Sindhi sindhi
396 snk Soninke soninké
397 sog Sogdian sogdien
398 so som Somali somali
399 son Songhai languages songhai, langues
400 st sot Sotho, Southern sotho du Sud
401 es spa Spanish; Castilian espagnol; castillan
402 sc srd Sardinian sarde
403 srn Sranan Tongo sranan tongo
404 sr srp Serbian serbe
405 srr Serer sérère
406 ssa Nilo-Saharan languages nilo-sahariennes, langues
407 ss ssw Swati swati
408 suk Sukuma sukuma
409 su sun Sundanese soundanais
410 sus Susu soussou
411 sux Sumerian sumérien
412 sw swa Swahili swahili
413 sv swe Swedish suédois
414 syc Classical Syriac syriaque classique
415 syr Syriac syriaque
416 ty tah Tahitian tahitien
417 tai Tai languages tai, langues
418 ta tam Tamil tamoul
419 tt tat Tatar tatar
420 te tel Telugu télougou
421 tem Timne temne
422 ter Tereno tereno
423 tet Tetum tetum
424 tg tgk Tajik tadjik
425 tl tgl Tagalog tagalog
426 th tha Thai thaï
427 bo tib bod Tibetan tibétain
428 tig Tigre tigré
429 ti tir Tigrinya tigrigna
430 tiv Tiv tiv
431 tkl Tokelau tokelau
432 tlh Klingon; tlhIngan-Hol klingon
433 tli Tlingit tlingit
434 tmh Tamashek tamacheq
435 tog Tonga (Nyasa) tonga (Nyasa)
436 to ton Tonga (Tonga Islands) tongan (Îles Tonga)
437 tpi Tok Pisin tok pisin
438 tsi Tsimshian tsimshian
439 tn tsn Tswana tswana
440 ts tso Tsonga tsonga
441 tk tuk Turkmen turkmène
442 tum Tumbuka tumbuka
443 tup Tupi languages tupi, langues
444 tr tur Turkish turc
445 tut Altaic languages altaïques, langues
446 tvl Tuvalu tuvalu
447 tw twi Twi twi
448 tyv Tuvinian touva
449 udm Udmurt oudmourte
450 uga Ugaritic ougaritique
451 ug uig Uighur; Uyghur ouïgour
452 uk ukr Ukrainian ukrainien
453 umb Umbundu umbundu
454 und Undetermined indéterminée
455 ur urd Urdu ourdou
456 uz uzb Uzbek ouszbek
457 vai Vai vaï
458 ve ven Venda venda
459 vi vie Vietnamese vietnamien
460 vo vol Volapük volapük
461 vot Votic vote
462 wak Wakashan languages wakashanes, langues
463 wal Walamo walamo
464 war Waray waray
465 was Washo washo
466 cy wel cym Welsh gallois
467 wen Sorbian languages sorabes, langues
468 wa wln Walloon wallon
469 wo wol Wolof wolof
470 xal Kalmyk; Oirat kalmouk; oïrat
471 xh xho Xhosa xhosa
472 yao Yao yao
473 yap Yapese yapois
474 yi yid Yiddish yiddish
475 yo yor Yoruba yoruba
476 ypk Yupik languages yupik, langues
477 zap Zapotec zapotèque
478 zbl Blissymbols; Blissymbolics; Bliss symboles Bliss; Bliss
479 zen Zenaga zenaga
480 zgh Standard Moroccan Tamazight amazighe standard marocain
481 za zha Zhuang; Chuang zhuang; chuang
482 znd Zande languages zandé, langues
483 zu zul Zulu zoulou
484 zun Zuni zuni
485 zxx No linguistic content; Not applicable pas de contenu linguistique; non applicable
486 zza Zaza; Dimili; Dimli; Kirdki; Kirmanjki; Zazaki zaza; dimili; dimli; kirdki; kirmanjki; zazaki