A web browser is a software application for accessing the information on the World Wide Web. When a user requests a particular website by typing the domain, the web browser retrieves the necessary content from the respective web server and then displays the resulting web content with rendering media files such as images, style sheets, and executing scripting.
Top 5 Popular Web Browsers based on usage
1. Google Chrome
Google Chrome is the most popular cross-platform web browser developed by Google from Google’s open-source Chromium project. It was first released in 2008 for Microsoft Windows, and was later ported to Linux, macOS, iOS, and Android. The browser is also the main component of Chrome OS, where it serves as the platform for web apps.
Google Chrome has a 58% worldwide browser market share on traditional PCs and 63% across all platforms. Because of this enormous success, Google company has expanded the “Chrome” brand name to other products: Chrome OS, Chromecast, Chromebook, Chromebit, Chromebox, and Chromebase.
2. Apple Safari
Apple Safari is a graphical web browser developed by Apple, based on the WebKit engine. First released on the desktop in 2003 with Mac OS X Panther, a mobile version has been bundled with iOS devices since the iPhone’s introduction in 2007. Safari is the default browser on Apple devices. A Windows version was available from 2007 to 2012. Apple Safari web browser has a 19% worldwide browser market share.
You will find that over time, the performance, and features of the Apple Safari browser has been improved significantly, especially for mobile devices. The drawback is the development of windows supported the Safari web browser has been withdrawn a few years ago. Now, it is available for macOS, iOS, and iPad OS. However, it can be downloaded from their official website https://www.apple.com/safari/.
3. Internet Explorer & Edge
Internet Explorer was once the most widely used web browser, attaining a peak of about 95% usage share by 2003. This came after Microsoft used bundling to win the first browser war against Netscape, which was the dominant browser in the 1990s. Its usage share has since declined with the launch of Firefox (2004) and Google Chrome (2008), and with the growing popularity of operating systems such as Android and iOS that do not support Internet Explorer. Currently, the Internet Explorer web browser has a 13% worldwide browser market share.
4. Mozilla Firefox
Mozilla Firefox is a free and open-source web browser developed by the Mozilla Foundation and its subsidiary, Mozilla Corporation. Firefox uses the Gecko layout engine to render web pages, which implements current and anticipated web standards. Firefox was created in 2002 under the codename “Phoenix” by the Mozilla community members who desired a standalone browser, rather than the Mozilla Application Suite bundle. In 2017, Firefox began incorporating new technology under the code name Quantum to promote parallelism and a more intuitive user interface. Firefox is officially available for Windows 7 or newer, macOS, and Linux. Its unofficial ports are available for various Unix and Unix-like operating systems including FreeBSD, OpenBSD, NetBSD, illumos, and Solaris Unix. Firefox is also available for Android and iOS; however, the iOS version uses the WebKit layout engine instead of Gecko due to platform limitations, as with all other iOS web browsers.
Firefox was released on November 9, 2004, and challenged Internet Explorer’s dominance with 60 million downloads within nine months. Firefox is the spiritual successor of Netscape Navigator, as the Mozilla community was created by Netscape in 1998 before their acquisition by AOL.
Opera is a freeware web browser for Microsoft Windows, Android, iOS, macOS, and Linux operating systems, developed by Opera Software. Opera is a Chromium-based browser using the Blink layout engine. It differentiates itself because of a distinct user interface and other features.
Opera has the various features:
- Built-in VPN to help you browse safely
- Built-in ad blocker to help you browse faster
- Built-in messengers to help you stay in touch
- Dark and light mode to help you do you